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mtranc3 [userpic]
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by mtranc3 (mtranc3)
at September 4th, 2008 (12:17 pm)
accomplished
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current mood: accomplished
current song: Lamb - Gabriel

LESSON 1

Grammar:

1. Potential Verbs:

-ru verbs -- drop -ru and add -rareru: 見るー> 見られる
                          食べる -> 食べられる

-u verbs -- drop the -u and add -eru: いく ー> いける
                         はなす -> はなせる
                         かう -> かえる
                         およぐ -> およげる
                         あそぶ -> あそべる
                         まつ -> まてる
                         よむ -> よめる
                         しぬ -> しねる
                         とる -> とれる

-irregular verbs --> くる ー> こられる
             する -> できる

*The particle that goes with potential verbs is usually が。


2. Give the reason for something:

To give the reason for something we can use から or  し.

a) から:
(reason)  から (situation)

あめ が ふる から、 かさ お もって います。

b) し (We use it when we want to list multiple reasons):

(reason 1) し, (reason 2) し, (situation)

にほんご は たのしし、せんせい は いいし、にほんごのじゅぎょう が だい すき です。

ーい adjectives: おもしろいし
 ーな  adjectives: すき だ し
nouns + です: がくせい だ し
verbs: plain form


3.It looks like...

To say that something has seemingly a property we use -そう です。

この りんご は おいしそうです。

ーい adjectives: Drop the final い: たのしそう です (exception: いい -> よさそうです )

ーな   adjectives: Drop the な: げんきそう です

ーNegative adjectives: ない  is changed to なさ  before そう

We can use a そう adjective to qualify a noun, it acts like a  な adjective: あたたかそうな セーター


4. ~てみる

We can use this to express the idea of trying something

この ケキ おいしそう です、 たべて みます。


5.なら

We use nara to say 'If it's for...'

日本語 わかりめすか。

ひらがな なら わかります。


6.Frequency of events

We can describe the frequence of events over a period of time using the following framework:

(period)  に (frequency)        (frequency) per (period)

わたしは いっしゅかん に さんかい かみ を あらいます。

Vocabulary:

おとな          adult
がっき            musical instrument
こうこく           advertisement
ぞう                elephant
ぶっか           consumer prices
ぶんぽう        grammar
ぼしゅう          recruitment
きびしい         strict
しあわせ(な) happy
なく                 to cry
みがく             to brush (teeth); to polish
かんどうする  to be moved/touched by sth
じつは             as a matter of fact
ぜんぶ            all
ともうします    my name is

Kanji

地 (CHI) ground; place
作   (TSUKURU) make; work
茶 (CHA) tea
験   (KEN) test; examine
持   (MOTSU) hold
建   (KEN) build
親   (OYA) parent; relatives
方   (KATA) direction; way
春   (HARU) spring



Comments

Posted by: lilyoftheval5 (lilyoftheval5)
Posted at: September 22nd, 2008 09:56 am (UTC)

Hi! I just decided yesterday that I'll go for the Level 3 this December. So I hope you don't mind if I tag along and see how others, more disciplined people, prepare. ;D

Posted by: mtranc3 (mtranc3)
Posted at: September 22nd, 2008 07:41 pm (UTC)
[Bleach] :)

Hello! Of course I don't mind, welcome aboard! ^_^ I hope you'll find the 'lessons' useful for revising! :)

Posted by: tsukiyami (cherry_kokoro)
Posted at: September 24th, 2008 02:39 pm (UTC)

oh yay! haha i just found this comm (i figured lj would have a comm for this XD;;) thanks for making it! just curious, but have you taken this test before? i'm trying to determine how much kanji i really need to study~ i know all the grammatical stuff and pretty much all the vocab lists i've seen on the internet. but yeah, do you recommend anything for the kanji?

Posted by: mtranc3 (mtranc3)
Posted at: September 24th, 2008 06:06 pm (UTC)

Welcome! :) I have taken the Level 4 test before, but not level 3. For level 3 you need to know around 300 kanji. A good way to practice them is to make flashcards and use them for revision. I'll be writing some of the nesessary kanji in my posts in the commiunity, and I hope it'll be helpful!

Posted by: tsukiyami (cherry_kokoro)
Posted at: September 25th, 2008 02:00 am (UTC)

oh ok~ ^^ yeah i saw that you need to know 300 kanji, i know a lot more than that, but not like a 1,000 which it said you should have for level 2 which is why i'm taking level 3 instead XD;; oh i was more asking for like any sites that you know of other than the ones they provide on the JLPT site that give you kanji lists, or any good kanji books that you were aware of for this. i don't have any problems memorizing, i just wanted to try to find a really good thing to study off of :D

ok well that works too! yeah the more kanji you can post from your book, the better!! and audio files too omg those are really useful~ ^^ thank you for doing this btw

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